1. Description of refugee situation
Where does the population of concern live?
Mostly in urban settings.
Population of concern category
Internally Displaced Persons
Returned with protection needs
(Source: Data provided by Government and partners to UNHCR)
Find live data, information and fact sheets on the refugee situation in Honduras on the UNHCR Operational Portal as well as Global Focus.
2. Honduras's response to the refugee situation
State Secretariats within the MIRPS National Technical Team:
- Human Rights Secretariat
- Secretariat of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
- National Migration Institute
- UN Agencies (UNHCR)
- Civil society (World Vision, FONAMIH, CIPRODEH, CPTRT)
Which partnerships have been strengthened or have been made possible thanks to the implementation of the Global Compact of Refugees?
In March 2017, the Government of Honduras became the very first country to participate in the roll-out of comprehensive responses in the Americas with the aim of improving its response to the needs of refugees and asylum-seekers, to Honduran returnees with protection needs, to Hondurans abroad, and to internally displaced persons (IDPs).
A technical team was formed to develop a national chapter under the Marco Integral Regional para la Protección y Soluciones (MIRPS in Spanish). It is comprised of officials from the National Institute of Migration (INM), the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, of Human Rights, and the Office of the General Coordinator of the Government, in order to lead the national consultation process.
The technical team facilitated consultations with concerned populations to identify needs, and with State institutions to identify and prioritize the response to such needs through an action plan. Civil society, academia and international community actors were also brought in to determine priorities, gaps, and complementary actions.
In October 2017, Honduras hosted the San Pedro Sula Conference – considered the official launch of the MIRPS – during which the six countries (with Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico and Panama) presented their national commitments.
3. Steps towards meeting the objectives of the Compact
Honduras has led a process to raise awareness and develop the capacity of public officials to develop actions to encourage greater participation of municipalities in the response to forced displacement.
The IDP Directorate has furthered efforts to define a humanitarian assistance model for victims of forced internal displacement.
Three initiatives are of particular value:
Manual of the Emergency Humanitarian Assistance Mechanism (MAHE) of the Interinstitutional Commission for the Protection of Persons Internally Displaced by Violence. The MAHE is the instrument that guides public institutions on the content, procedure and modality of emergency humanitarian assistance to be delivered to internally displaced persons for up to three months. It was built and approved by the institutions that make up the Commission, and based on the experience of civil society organizations that provide assistance to this population.
Project: “Generating knowledge and experience in emergency humanitarian assistance to returning migrants with protection needs in the context of forced migration in Honduras” (CONEXAHMIF).
Practical Guide for the application of criteria for differentiated care with a psychosocial approach for people internally displaced by violence.
Given the problems of violence in schools, the formulation of a prevention and protection strategy was finalized with a focus on the teaching personnel.
Early in 2019, the Inter-institutional Commission for the Protection of People Displaced by Violence (CIPPDV) handed over the draft law on the Prevention, Attention and Protection of IDPs to members of the National Congress, to be presented in its plenary meeting to kick start the revision and approval. This handover constitutes progress towards establishing measures to protect and address the needs of those who have been affected by violence, and to prevent forced displacement that has been caused by generalized violence and organized crime.
Under the leading of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Honduras has operationalised three Centres for Returned Migrants (CAMR) in the department of Cortés (north), with the “best quality standards" where migrants are provided with food, migratory processes with biometric system, information on social services that are available to them, data collection for the registration form, transport to their place of origin, medical and psychological care, national or international telephone calls, clothing, accommodation, and special attention for people displaced by violence. These centres - which are seen as references in the region - were established with multi-stakeholder support of NGOs and the UN, guaranteeing a dignified, safe and agile return to their communities of origin.