Sustainable Resettlement and Complementary Pathways Initiative (CRISP)
The project in brief
This project is implemented jointly by UNHCR and IOM, mainly in the Americas but also Europe, Middle-East and North of Africa, Eastern and Southern Africa, Asia. It started on 1 January 2020 and ended on 31 December 2022.
The CRISP, in partnership with relevant actors, provided targeted capacity and systems building to States with resettlement and complementary pathway programmes in varying forms of development – new, emerging and established - to achieve quality, scalable and sustainable programmes. The CRISP was a direct outcome of recommendations made during the Strategy consultation process in 2019 where the need for a multi stakeholder, global mechanism for capacity building was identified. The CRISP has been recognised as a critical tool to support the expansion of third-country solutions under the Strategy and under its next phase, the Third Country Solutions for Refugees Roadmap: 2030.
The CRISP has proven to be an effective joint project to support many of the overarching goals of the Global Compact on Refugees, while continuing to work towards the targets of the “Third Country Solutions for Refugees – Roadmap 2030”. The strong support of the CRISP donors from the United States and Portugal has made a significant global impact on growing resettlement and expanding complementary pathway programmes and laid the foundation for continuing to develop innovative solutions for refugees.
Main activities of the Good Practice
- Publications such as, "UNHCR-Migration Policy Institute Europe (MPIE) report on Refugee Resettlement and Complementary Pathways: Opportunities for Growth (Global mapping)"; "UNHCR’s Integration Handbook for Resettled Refugees (2021 edition)"; "People Forced to Flee: History, Change, and Challenge"; and "The Impact of Government-Sponsored Refugee Resettlement: A Meta Study of Findings from Six Countries".
- Development and delivery of the CRISP Training Package to government officials in Ireland (May 2021), Portugal (March 2022) and Italy (July 2022) with contributions from the International Rescue Committee (IRC).
- The provision of technical assistance with a series of regional workshops for government officials from Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay on good practices in resettlement, family reunification and complementary pathways, including peer exchanges with government officials from Sweden, Italy, and Portugal.
- Capacity building on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS), with IOM’s MHPSS Manual for the Care of the Migrant and Refugee Population in Argentina launched and a mapping of civil society organizations providing MHPSS to refugees and migrants in Brazil finalized.
- Support to the pre-departure and movement arrangements for some 300 refugees and asylum seekers for resettlement and complementary pathways to Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil.
- Financial support to fund the development of the Opportunities Platform Website and the first International Forum on Complementary Pathways for Admission of Refugees to Third Countries.
- Support to GROW: Growing Solutions and Support for Refugees, an approach designed to link Protection and the Private Sector Partnership (PSP) through community sponsorship and community welcome, aims to engage UNHCR’s individual donors in providing meaningful additional support to refugees. GROW was successfully piloted in Argentina in 2022 and it is expanding to other countries and contexts.
- A total of 12 pledges were made towards the CRISP at the GRF in 2019. Three of these pledges were made by Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay on expanding resettlement programmes and/or advance complementary pathways.
- The CRISP website.
- Agencia Adventista de Desarrollo y Recursos Asistenciales (ADRA)
- Aldeias Infantis SOS (SOS Children’s Village)
- Amnesty International
- Argentinean Network for Community Sponsorship for Refugees (JUCUM – Youth with a Mission, AMAL Argentina, Manos Abiertas, ADRA, Esclavas del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús)
- Brazil-Afghanistan Coalition
- Caritas Arquidiocesana de São Paulo
- Comisión Argentina para Refugiados y Migrantes (CAREF)
- Educação sem Fronteiras
- European Union Agency for Asylum - EUAA
- Episcopal Commission for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Travelers (CEMI)
- Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP)
- Fundación ACNUR Comité Argentino
- Global Refugee Sponsorship Initiative (GRSI)
- Instituto Migrações e Direitos Humanos (IMDH)
- International Rescue Committee (IRC)
- Language Laboratory of the University of Buenos Aires
- Jundiaí Municipality
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Argentina
- Ministry of Interior – National Migration Directorate Argentina
- National Commission for Refugees (CONARE)
- Ministry of Social Development (MDS), Argentina
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Brazil
- Ministry of Human Rights, Brazil
- Ministry of Justice and Public Security, Brazil
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Uruguay
- Mission MAIS
- National Commission for Refugees (CORE)
- Migration Policy Institute Europe (MPIE)
- Missão de Apoio à Igreja Sofredora, Brazil
- Network of Uruguayan Companies for Development (DERES)
- Red Cross Argentina (CRA)
- Settlements Service International, Australia
- SHE Institute
- Sergio Vieira de Mello Academic Chair
- Servicio Ecuménico para la Dignidad Humana (SEDHU)
- Tikva Institute
- University of Buenos Aires
- Universidad de la República – Uruguay - Udelar
- University of Ottawa Refugee Hub
- Vila Minha Pátria
What challenges were encountered in delivering the project and how were they overcome?
The COVID-19 pandemic had a considerable impact on the 3-year implementation of the CRISP. The consequences of global lock-down, social distance measures, restrictions of movement, loss of income, economic volatility, and reduced access to education resulted in increased social tension and economic insecurity, which continued to impact the countries supported by the CRISP. Additionally, the pandemic prevented activities and responses, and restrictions imposed by countries were difficult to resume after the end of the pandemic. In person events and learning activities were cancelled as a result.
The start of a big project required a great extent of coordination among governments, partners, refugees, and donors, rounds of consultations, harmonization of standards when drafting documents, policies, and guidance.
How they were overcome
Regular coordination meetings, constant liaison, communication, and dialogue with all partners involved; two-way communication between refugees and sponsors/donors.
Results of the Good Practice
The CRISP has proven to be an effective joint project to support many of the overarching goals of the Global Compact on Refugees, while continuing to work towards the targets of the “Third Country Solution for Refugees – Roadmap 2030”. The strong support of the CRISP donors from the United States and Portugal has made a significant global impact on growing resettlement and expanding complementary pathway programmes and laid the foundation for continuing to develop innovative solutions for refugees.
In what way does the good practice meet one or more of the four objectives of the Global Compact on Refugees?
Objective 1: Ease the pressures on host countries
The CRISP has aimed to support States and relevant stakeholders to grow resettlement programmes and advance complementary pathways hence easing the pressure on host countries.
Objective 2: Enhance refugee self-reliance
The CRISP, in partnership with relevant actors, has provided targeted capacity and systems building to States with resettlement and complementary pathway programmes in varying forms of development – new, emerging and established - to achieve quality, scalable and sustainable programmes including refugee self-reliance with support to integration, community welcome and community sponsorship.
Objective 3: Expand access to third-country solutions
The CRISP has aimed to support States and key stakeholders to grow resettlement programmes and advance complementary pathways through the provision of targeted capacity building in partnership with relevant actors, to achieve quality, scalable and sustainable programs.
This CRISP is a direct outcome of recommendations made by resettlement States and key stakeholders during the Three-Year Strategy (2019-2021) on Resettlement and Complementary Pathways and it has been recognised as a critical tool to support the expansion of third-country solutions both under the Strategy and under its next phase, the Third Country Solutions for Refugees Roadmap: 2030.
The CRISP Initiative came to an end in December 2022. UNHCR, in collaboration with IOM, will continue to work with countries and operations on capacity building activities started under the CRISP to expand refugees’ access to third country opportunities, protection, and solutions, in full alignment with the Roadmap 2030.